Competencies

CALA courses foster a "whole language" classroom environment wherein students and the instructor constantly communicate with each other in real time.  Participants are exposed to grammar naturally in a communicative context rather than "taught grammar points" explicitly.  The listing below is intended to provide a general sense of the grammar and competencies treated in each part of Spanish, French, and German courses.

Spanish Part 1

  • Comprehension and production of all parts of speech from various domains of high-frequency vocabulary (e.g., places, parts of the body, the family, the home, the classroom, clothing, colors, numbers 1-20, and transportation)
  • Regular verbs: present tense and infinitive form
  • Irregular verbs: dar, estar, gustar, haber, ir, ser, and tener
  • Adjective/article agreement
  • Direct/indirect object pronouns
  • Basic conversational greetings
  • Comprehension and personal questions
  • Positive and negative emotional expressions

Spanish Part 2

(Reinforcement and expansion of all Part 1 competencies PLUS:)

  • Introduction to preterite and imperfect tenses for regular and irregular verbs
  • Spatial and temporal prepositions
  • Numbers 30-100 and beyond
  • Describing the weather
  • Days of the week
  • Months of the year and the seasons
  • Telling time
  • Geography of Central America
  • Describing oneself

Spanish Part 3

(Reinforcement and expansion of all Part 1 and Part 2 competencies PLUS:)

  • Full use of preterite, imperfect, and near future tenses
  • Imperatives (commands)
  • Adverbs of location
  • Telling the date and ordering in time
  • Commerce
  • Irregular verbs:  saber vs. conocer
  • Comparative expressions
  • Describing personal routines

French Part 1

  • Comprehension and production of all parts of speech from various domains of high-frequency vocabulary (e.g., places, parts of the body, the family, the home, the classroom, clothing, colors, numbers 1-20, and transportation)
  • Regular verbs: present tense and infinitive form
  • Irregular verbs: être, avoir, vouloir, and aller
  • Adjective/article agreement
  • Direct/indirect object pronouns
  • Basic conversational greetings
  • Comprehension and personal questions
  • Positive and negative emotional expressions

French Part 2

(Reinforcement and expansion of all Part 1 competencies PLUS:)

  • Present and imperfect tenses for regular and irregular verbs
  • Spatial and temporal prepositions
  • Numbers 30-100 and beyond
  • Describing the weather
  • Days of the week and the date
  • Months of the year and the seasons
  • Telling time
  • Geography of France and surrounding countries
  • Describing oneself

German Part 1

  • Comprehension and production of all parts of speech from various domains of high-frequency vocabulary (e.g., places, parts of the body, the family, the home, the classroom, clothing, colors, numbers 1-20, and transportation)
  • Regular verbs: present tense and infinitive form
  • Irregular verbs: haben, sein, geben, and mögen
  • Adjective/article agreement
  • Direct/indirect object pronouns
  • Basic conversational greetings
  • Comprehension and personal questions
  • Positive and negative emotional expressions

German Part 2

(Reinforcement and expansion of all Part 1 competencies PLUS:)

  • Present and imperfect tenses for regular and irregular verbs
  • Spatial and temporal prepositions
  • Numbers 30-100 and beyond
  • Describing the weather
  • Days of the week and the date
  • Months of the year and the seasons
  • Telling time
  • Geography of Europe
  • Describing oneself

Japanese Part 1

  • Common vocabulary
  • Sentence structure
  • Verb types and conjugation patterns
  • Positive and negative short form of verbs
  • Use of “wants” in noun conjugations
  • Common particles wa, ni, and to and their uses
  • Noun possession
  • Introduction of adjectives
  • Numbers 1-10

Japanese Part 2

(Reinforcement and expansion of all Part 1 competencies PLUS:)

  • More complex sentence structure
  • Emphasis pf particles wa, ni, and to and their uses
  • Introduction of de, ni, and ga and their uses
  • Use and placement of “because”
  • Use of “wants” in verb conjugations
  • Conjugation of adjectives
  • Numbers 1-999

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