Topics: Issues Related to Religion
- Aid to Parochial Schools
In a range of cases including Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971), the Supreme Court has tried to navigate the difficult questions involving when government aid to private...
- Aid to Religious Colleges and Universities
Aid to religious colleges and universities presents at least three First Amendment–related issues involving the establishment clause: Effect of the religion...
- Animal Sacrifice
The Supreme Court addressed the constitutionality of animal sacrifice for religious purposes in Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah (1993),...
- Autopsies and Treatment of the Dead
Sometimes autopsy laws conflict with religious objections to such procedures, bringing into play First Amendment questions. States commonly require autopsies in...
Blasphemy laws punish people who express irreverence for religion and sacred things. Though still prominent in some theocratic regimes, laws against blasphemy...
- Blood Transfusions and Medical Care against Religious Beliefs
First Amendment free exercise of religion is in question when blood transfusions and medical care are refused owing to religious beliefs; e.g., by Jehovah's...
- Capitol Honors for the Dead
Some questioned whether the decision to allow preacher Billy Graham's body to lie in state at the U.S. Capitol was a violation of the religious establishment...
Government-funded chaplain programs are one area in which religious rights of prisoners and military personnel may outweigh establishment clause violations. The...
- Charter Schools
Because the government funds charter schools, are they subject to the same First Amendment restrictions as public schools on prayer and Bible readings? Two...
- Child Custody
A judge's order in a child custody case could implicate the First Amendment, particularly when the judge forbids a parent from certain statements. It is...
- Clergy, Bans on Holding Office by
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, 13 states adopted constitutional provisions prohibiting clergy from holding public elected or appointed office. The...
- Conscientious Objection to Military Service
- Disaster Aid To and Through Religious Organizations
In January 2018, FEMA revised its rules to include churches and other houses of worship that provide community services among the entities that could receive...
- Disclosure Requirements
Individuals and organizations that act in a political forum — officeholders, candidates, donors, and groups promoting or opposing issues during elections —...
The teaching of the scientific theory of evolution has been at the heart of many cases brought under the establishment clause, the free-exercise clause, and the...
- Faith-based Organizations and Government
The government has long helped churches, religious neighborhood groups, and faith-related charities to pursue their public goals. The recent expansion of...
- Graduation Speech Controversies
- In God We Trust
Federal courts have consistently upheld "In God We Trust" as a national motto, use of which on coins or elsewhere does not violate the establishment clause of...
- Intelligent Design
- Ministerial Exception
The ministerial exception shields churches from improper government influence by barring legal claims against churches by employees with religious functions....
- Parental Naming Rights
- Prayer at Public Events
- Prayer at Public School Events
- Priest-Penitent Privilege
- Prisoners' rights
- Public Buildings and Religious Use
- Public Employees
- Religious Discrimination
- Religious Holidays
- Religious Tests
- Rights of Students
- School Vouchers
- Snake Handling
- Sunday Mail
- Taxation of Religious Entities
- Ten Commandments
- Vatican City, U.S. Recognition of