Topics: Issues Related to Speech, Press, Assembly, or Petition
- Abortion Protests
The First Amendment protects the rights of pro-lifers to protest against abortion. The competing right under Roe v. Wade of women's access to abortion clinics...
- Academic Freedom
Academic freedom is the principle that teachers, students and educational institutions should be able to pursue knowledge without unreasonable political or...
- Access to Courtrooms
Although the First Amendment doesn't mention freedom of access to courtrooms, including proceedings and records, the Supreme Court has held that the public...
- Affirmative Action
Two Supreme Court cases involving affirmative action relied in part on the First Amendment. In one, the Court invoked academic freedom as a First Amendment-...
- Alcohol Advertising
Alcohol advertising, as commercial speech, is protected under the First Amendment as long as it does not promote unlawful activity and is not misleading. It can...
Although the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution makes no distinction between citizens and noncitizens, Supreme Court precedents interpreting the amendment...
- Art Censorship
Artistic expression has historically been subject to some measure of direct or indirect censorship in the United States. The First Amendment provides...
- Attorney Advertising
The regulation of attorney advertising continues to present challenging First Amendment issues for courts. Bar regulators attempt to protect the public from...
- Ballot Access
Ballot access refers to basic rules and procedures regulating whether and how candidates or political parties will be presented to voters in elections....
- Bar Admissions
The bar admission process has produced many First Amendment-based challenges, especially when an applicant is denied because of past political associations or...
Regulation of the location and content of billboards raises many First Amendment issues. To what extent can the government limit access to public billboards,...
- Birth Control
Birth control (contraception), is a practice, material, or device by which pregnancy from sexual intercourse can be prevented. Speaking and writing about birth...
- Black Lives Matter
Black Lives Matter is a protest movement to call attention to the treatment of African-Americans by police. A related issue is the militarization of police...
In the 1940s-'50s, a blacklist named people whose opinions or associations were deemed subversive. Many in the film industry were fired and could not find work...
- Book Banning
Book banning, a form of censorship, occurs when books are pulled from libraries, school reading lists, or bookstores because someone objects to their content....
Through boycotts, groups agree and often attempt to persuade others to refuse to patronize certain businesses. Courts have recognized boycotts as having First...
- Bumper Stickers
Bumper stickers remain a ready outlet for citizens to express themselves on a variety of topics. Several courts have invalidated convictions based on the...
- Cameras in the Courtroom
Allowing cameras in courtrooms has stirred controversy and led to Supreme Court decisions in First Amendment cases. Opponents say cameras distract participants...
- Campus Speech Codes
Federal courts having ruled that college campus speech codes violate students’ First Amendment rights. But arguments that colleges have a legitimate interest...
An overview of censorship in America and protections offered by the First Amendment, including key Supreme Court cases. Censorship occurs when individuals or...
- Charitable Solicitation
Laws aimed at curbing solicitation by charities that spent most of their money on fundraising and administration were overturned on First Amendment grounds....
- Child Pornography
The Supreme Court has ruled some laws outlawing child pornography and children’s access to obscene materials were too broad, infringed upon free speech rights...
- Classified Documents
The Supreme Court in 1971 ruled that the government cannot restrain in advance the press from publishing classified documents under the First Amendment. Recent...
- Confederate Flag
- Confederate Monuments
- Confidential Sources
- Congressional Investigations
- Courtroom, Free Speech Regulations of Attorneys
- Cross Burning
The government mandates disclaimers to protect consumers, but they often present a First Amendment issue. Advertisers who resist disclaimers contend that forced...
- Door-to-Door Solicitation
Door-to-door solicitation by political parties, candidates, religious groups, charities, and businesses can lead to clashes between First Amendment free...
Electioneering involves actively advocating for or opposing a political candidate or party in an election. It ranges from canvassing to advertising on...
Encryption is the process of protecting information by rendering it unreadable by anyone without the specific knowledge needed to decipher it. Wide-scale...
- Exit Polling
In exit polling, pollsters ask voters as they leave the polls whom they voted for and sometimes other questions as well. The news media argue that exit polling...
- Filming the Police
- Flag Desecration
- Fleeting Expletives and Fleeting Nudity
- Foreign Languages, Right to Learn and Teach
- Fortune Telling
- Free Speech During Wartime
Freedom of speech often suffers during times of war. The pattern has been consistent in U.S. history from the Revolutionary war to the modern-day war on terror...
- Free Speech Zones
- Gag Orders
- Government Funding and Free Speech
- Graduation Speech Controversies
- Hair Length and Style
- Hate Speech
- Headlight Flashing
- Heffron Principle
- Holocaust Denial
- Horn Honking
- Indecency and the Electronic Media
- Issue Advocacy
- Judicial Campaign Speech
- Libraries and Intellectual Freedom
- Loyalty Oaths
- Media Concentration
- Media Exemption to Antitrust laws
- Membership Lists
- Middle Finger Gesture
- Military Personnel, Rights of
- Motion Picture Ratings
- Music Censorship
- National Identification Cards
- National Security
- Nude Dancing
According to the Supreme Court, nude dancing, when performed before an audience to convey feelings of eroticism, is expressive conduct triggering First...
- Obscenity and Pornography
- Pledge of Allegiance
- Political Correctness
- Political Parties
- Political Patronage
- Prisoners' rights
- Private Property, Expression on
- Protests in Neighborhoods
- Public Employees
- Public Nudity
- Rap Music and the First Amendment
- Regulation of Political Campaigns
Political campaigns are subject to numerous regulations covering First Amendment-related issues such as ballot access, rights of political parties, what can be...
- Reporters' Privilege
- Revenge Pornography
Revenge pornography is the practice of circulating pictures of an individual in a state of undress and/or participating in sex acts. Under current First...
- Rights of Students
- Rights of Teachers
- SLAPP Suits
- Specialty License Plates
- Spence Test
- Sports Logos and Mascots
- Student Activity Fees
- Surveillance and wiretapping
- Taxation of Newspapers
- Times Square
- Tobacco Advertising
- Tort Liability of Religious Groups
- Video Games