Dr. Andrew Dix

Associate Professor

Dr. Andrew Dix
Room 205, Jones Hall (JH)
MTSU Box 200, Murfreesboro, TN 37132

Degree Information

  • PHD, University of Southern Mississippi (2012)
  • MA, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (2007)
  • BA, Western Illinois University (2001)

Research / Scholarly Activity

Dix, A. C. (Advanced Online Publication). Show HBCU referee bias the red card: Testing communication theory in Division I women's college soccer. Commmunication and Sport. 



Dix, A. C. (Advanced Online Publication). Indications of referee bias in Division I women's college volleyball: Testing expectancy violations and ...

Read More »

Dix, A. C. (Advanced Online Publication). Show HBCU referee bias the red card: Testing communication theory in Division I women's college soccer. Commmunication and Sport. 



Dix, A. C. (Advanced Online Publication). Indications of referee bias in Division I women's college volleyball: Testing expectancy violations and examining nonverbal communication. International Journal of Sport Communication. https://journals.humankinetics.com/view/journals/ijsc/aop/article-10.1123-ijsc.2023-0050/article-10.1123-ijsc.2023-0050.xml

Dix, A.C. (Advanced Online Publication). Stay woke: An analysis of how referees evaluate the in-game communication of an HBCU that competes in a PWI conference. Communication and Sport. https://doi.org/10.1177/21674795221103407

Dix, A. C. (2022). The non-sweet sixteen: Referee bias against Historically Black Colleges and Universities in men's college basketball. Sociology of Sport Journal, 39, 118-124. doi: 10.1123/ssj.2020-0187 https://doi.org/10.1123ssj.2020-0187

Dix, A. C., Asbury, M. B., & Brojakowski, B. (2021). Beneath the makeup and beyond the frames: A nonverbal study on perceptions of female college athletes who wear cosmetic products in their headshot photograph. Kentucky Journal of Communication, 40, 24-44.

Dix, A. C. (2021). Referee judgments of communication in the field of play: A study on Historically Black Colleges and Universities in division II college football. International Journal of Sport Communication. 14, 554-573. doi: 10.1123/ijsc.2021-0032 https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsc.2021-0032

Dix, A. C. (2021). Their hands communicate and their eyes listen: Perceptions of small group messages amongst Deaf college basketball players. Communication and Sport, 9, 972-987. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167479520913076

Dix, A. C. (2021). Softball umpires call more walks than strikeouts when the pitcher plays for a Historically Black College and University. International Journal of Sport Culture and Science, 9, 91-103.

Dix, A. C. (2020). Critical race theory, the NCAA, and college baseball: Contradiction on the diamond. In M. Milford & L. R. Smith (Eds.), Communication and contradiction in the NCAA: An unlevel playing field (pp. 213-234). New York: Peter Lang.

Dix, A. C. (2020). Heard to believe: A perceptual study of a marginalized sport co-culture on others' willingness to listen. The Florida Communication Journal, 48, 165-181.

Dix, A. C. (2020). And 10 more years of bias against HBCU female basketball players. Texas Speech Communication Journal, 44, 1-18.

Dix, A. C. (2020). Perceptions of the intragroup communication that is believed to exist amongst successful and unsuccessful basketball teams. Northwest Journal of Communication, 47, 131-152.

Dix, A. C. (2019). "And 1" more piece of evidence of discrimination against black basketball players. Howard Journal of Communications, 30, 211-229. doi: 10.1080/10646175.2018.1491434 

Dix, A. C. (2017). Perceptions of the on-field success and likeability of athletes after claims of interpersonal domestic violence. The Florida Communication Journal, 45, 67-80.

Dix, A. C. (2017). A decade of referee bias against college football programs from historically black colleges and universities. International Journal of Science Culture and Sport, 5, 197-212. doi: 10.14486/IntJSCS670

Dix, A. C. (2017). Comparing and contrasting the communication of dark-skinned and light-skinned African American basketball players. Journal of the Speech and Theatre Association of Missouri, 47, 47-69.

Dix, A. C. (2016). Allegations of performance-enhancing drug use and their affect on perceptions of athlete intellect. International Journal of Sport Studies, 6, 412-422.

Dix, A. C. (2015). Ethos in sports: An Aristotelian examination focused on source credibility and the modern day athlete. Sport Science Review, 24, 267-284.

Dix, A. C. (2015). Sociocommunicative style in sport: A perceptual investigation focused on sexual orientation and communication in the game of football. The Florida Communication Journal, 43, 77-90.

Dix, A. C. (2015). This is not an inside joke: Perceptible attributes influence the successful communication of humor. Ohio Communication Journal, 53, 11-27.

Dix, A. C. (2014). Laughing all the way to the questionnaire bank: A mixed methods examination of humor appreciation after a brief communication. Israeli Journal of Humor Research: An International Journal, 5, 8-25.

Dix, A. C. (2013). A new era of courtship: Let me contemplate our speed-date to determine the interconnectedness of conversation and physical attraction. Interpersona: An International Journal of Personal Relationships, 7, 246-259.

Dix, A. C. (2013). Exploring intelligence and interpersonal communication: An analysis of intellectual perceptions in a real dating arena. Iowa Journal of Communication, 45, 135-154.


« Read Less

In the Media

1) The Daily Mail (UK):


2) College Basketball Today:

3) Current Newspapers (Washington, D.C.):

4) Blacks in Higher Education:

5) HBCU Digest:

6) It'sBiggerthanBasketball.com:

7) InsideHigherEd.com:

8) DiverseEducation.com:

9) The Nashville Post: https://www.nashvillepost.com/sports/sports-business/blog/21025582/mtsu-study-finds-bias-in-basketball-officiating

10) Nashville Public Radio:

11) AthleticManagement.com:

12) GlobalSportsMatters.com:

13) Minnesota Spokesman Recorder (Parts 1 of 3):

14) TheSportsToday.info






« Read Less