Using PowerPoint as a Presentation Aid in the Survey of Accounting Course

Betty Harper

Harper used PowerPoint to create a media presentation in the Survey of Accounting course using business scenarios, developed by the faculty member, to introduce students to various types of accrual and cash basis transactions.

Many thought-provoking hours have been spent in trying to best use the resources you provided. At this stage in the semester, I have developed some 300 Power Point slides to be used in the instructional process associated with the Survey of Accounting class. Some of the slides are to be used in introducing a topic. Several are prepared in a format to review students about the basic concepts-- as preliminary check on knowledge needed to progress to the next level of information. As accounting information is cumulative, this has been very helpful in allowing students to assess their own weakness at various points during this semester.

Rather than embedding email addresses directly into the Power Point presentation(as I had originally planned), I have decided to access these separately. This gives me more flexibility in using current audited financial statements from publicly held corporations.

My senses have been particularly attuned to faculty comments this semester. Two professors were overheard lamenting the lack of student results when they had spent an enormous amount of time putting their lecture notes on Power Point and providing students a copy of those notes. This was encouragement to me because I had suspected that this was not the best use of the technology.

I will continue to develop slides and regroup them according to classroom needs. Some of these are also going to be helpful in other courses.

Thank you for this opportunity to explore and tailor an academic program to better meet the needs of the students.

Developmental Studies

A Review of Elementary Algebra Skills

Developmental Studies
Annette Williams

Williams used HyperStudio to develop a three part tutorial review of the material necessary for success in Intermediate Algebra/DSM 0085 with accompanying review presentations for use by instructors in MTSU's master classrooms. The material included review and practice of basic algebra skills that are likely to be rusty (or non-existent) for DSM 0085 students.

My project, A Review of Elementary Algebra Skills, was designed as a set of three tutorials to quickly review three topics that are crucial to the success of students who are taking Intermediate Algebra, DSM 0085. I have completed the three tutorial HyperStudio stacks along with accompanying resource stacks. Namely, Factoring Review, Factoring Resources, Graphing Review, Graphing Resources, Solving Linear Equations, and Linear Fquation Resources. These are being placed this week on the 20+ computers in our math lab in a file labeled "085 Starter Kit." These stacks review concepts, present examples, and give practice problems. They also contain a self-test at the end. Each tutorial contains a link to the resource stack that tells the student how to access all other resources in the math lab on the subject. It also lists where to look in the textbook for that topic.

I plan to gather comments and suggestions from students and instructors this semester concerning the effectiveness of these materials. I will revise the stacks as needed to fit the needs of the students. I am making a presentation at the Tennessee Association of Developmental Education on this project, and if accepted, I am also presenting at the National Association of Developmental Education.

I also plan to condense these into presentations for use by our instructors as in-class reviews. This should be finished by October. I have in the past and will continue to offer any of my HyperStudio presentations to all of my colleagues for use with their students in or out of class.

I truly appreciate the support from the Office of Information Technology and the University. This grant is a very important impetus for promoting the use of technology in the classroom.


Tutorial for Exponents, Factoring, and Rational Expressions

Developmental Studies
Vivian R.M. Alley

Vivian developed tutorials on Hyperstudio for use in the Developmental Studies Math Lab in SAG 202. These tutorials will be used for certain topics in DSM 080/ Elementary Algebra such as exponents, factoring, and rational expressions. 

Economics and Finance

Teaching Technology Enhancements for Economics and Finance Courses

Al DePrince

DePrince developed a web site to identify all relevant sources of economic, financial, and regulatory information, both domestic and international for students in both undergraduate and graduate courses in economics and finance.

Dr. Albert Prince was awarded an Instructional Technologies Development Grant for the spring of 1998. This grant allowed him to create a teaching and service oriented web page for students and faculty.

This site provides: Extensive links to Financial Information, organized by subfields and subject matter. Professional Resources. Career Information, including professional associations.


Computer Enhanced Instruction of Insurance and Risk Management

Emily Norman
enorman @mtsu.edu

Through the development of PowerPoint multimedia presentations, Zietz focused on four important insurance topics that were only marginally covered in the insurance texts available for the class Insurance and Risk Management. The project entailed incorporating Internet links as well as graphical and spreadsheet access into lectures.

The Summer 1998 grant project for which I received funding, was a project which I had wanted to do for some time. Through the use of Powerpoint multimedia presentations, the project will be most useful in teaching insurance topics: LTC Insurance, Banks and Insurance, Auto and Tort Reform, and Health Care Issues, which are topics that are not covered sufficiently in our Insurance and Risk Management text.

The PowerPoint lectures and links will be put into Adobe acrobat and set up at the end of this semester for use in the Spring semester.

The project was very rewarding for me and turned out to be more ambitious and time-consuming than I had anticipated. Thanks to support received from the Information Technology Development Committee, I was able to devote time on the research that would have not otherwise been available.


The Basics of Money and Growth in an Integrated Instruction Environment

Joachim Zietz

Zietz will be using Adobe Acrobat 3.0 to make course material on Money and Growth more accessible to students through the development of two separate Web-based teaching modules. The modules will be usable in the classroom and as self-guided annotated lecture notes outside of class for self-study by students.

The purpose of the proposed project was to develop a teaching module each for two key parts of macroeconomic theory, money and growth. <p>Two separate modules have been developed in Adobe Acrobat. Each one consists of descriptive material that is supplemented and annotated (i) with hand-drawn figures that are scanned in, (ii) with hot-links to spreadsheet example calculations, (iii) with data links to selected internet sites, and (iv) with articles and other up-to-date information on the internet that enhance the students' feeling of learning something that is relevant and current.

The module on money goes beyond what was suggested in the grant proposal. The module does not stop with interest rate effects but also looks at the impact on exchange rates and the real economy. Although the money module is more complete than anticipated, this has not taken time away from treating the growth module with equal care. There are some differences between the two modules: the money module has more written material, more links to figures and spreadsheets but fewer Web links than the growth module.

In contrast to the grant proposal, no effort has been made so far to make the material available on my Web site. At the moment, the material is strictly limited to the class-room lecture environment. The problem posed by making it available on the Web is that many links depend on the particular file structure of the computer on which they were developed. There has not been enough time to think about how one can move to more "universally valid" links. This problem is made worse because none of the computers in the lecture halls has a full version of Adobe Acrobat. They only have the Acrobat Reader. All editing has to be done guessing at the f~le structure on the machines on which the files are ultimately used.

As far as effectiveness, there is little that one can say without having tested the material in a classroom. This will happen in the Fall semester, in at least two different classes, an intermediate macroeconomics class, and a beginning graduate class. From my own use of the material, 1 find it very helpful to have Web links, spreadsheets, and other relevant material only a click away. This certainly makes it much more likely that one uses more than one program during the lecture.

Foreign Languages and Literatures

Design Review Modules and Chapter Quizzes using Winflash Educator

Liberal Arts
Nuria Novella

Novella used Winflash Educator to design review modules and chapter quizzes for Spanish 111. Purposes for the project included creating self-study modules to assist students outside the classroom, provide a multimedia supplement to complement the text book, and to provide the instructor with more in-class time by allowing chapter quizzes to be administered in the Media Center for Language Acquisition(MCLA).


During the fall of 1998 1 designed self-study modules and quizzes in Spanish using Winflash Educator (an authoring program that enables one to design exercises in different question formats).I created six units with text, audio (digitized), picture (scanned) and video files (the director of the Media Center for Language Acquisition, Patrice Caux, edited the video files). Each unit follows the chapter progression of the text used in Spanish 111 (Poco a Poco by James M. Hendrikson), but is generic enough to use with any introductory text. The Winflash modules I created supplement existing exercises in the book and bring authentic materials (i.e. audio and video recordings by native speakers) and content to the Spanish 111 course. Each unit contains between 10-20 questions in different formats (i.e. fill in the blank, multiple choice) that cover culture, grammar, vocabulary, reading comprehension, listening comprehension and writing skills. [See enclosed copies of some of the units]. After creating the files I compiled them into standardized individual quizzes that students will be able to access individually at the MCLA, giving them the opportunity to further practice the grammar acquired in the classroom and to practice before exams. I saved the review modules on a CD-ROM, which is available to all Spanish students and instructors at the MCLA.I will be testing the exercises as a review exercise in my advanced Spanish classes during the Spring of 1999 and introducing them as part of my Spanish 111 class in the Fall of 1999.

I would like to thank the Office of Information Technology for giving me the opportunity to work on this project. I have acquired a lot of hands-on experience creating multi-media materials and I have earned a new appreciation for the time and effort that a technology project requires.

Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Safety

Development of Web Based Instruction for REC 454/554: Organization and Administration of Recreation

Education and Behavioral Science
Peter Cunningham

Cunningham used multimedia technology such as web page design, presentation software, compact discs, the Internet, and email to improve classroom instruction and enhance student learning for REC 454/554: Organization and Administration of Recreation. 


Microcomputer and Publication Design Restructuring

Mass Communication
Ray Wong

Ray Wong's project involves updating, revising, and streamlining current teaching materials used in GRAF 395/Microcomputer Design and GRAF 401/Publication Design to reflect the changing needs of publication design and design for the World Wide Web and other multi-media formats.

The project updated, revised and streamlined current teaching materials used in GRAF 395 - Microcomputer Design and GRAF 401 - Publication Design to reflect the changing needs of publication design, design for the World Wide Web and other multi-media formats. The Microcomputer class content has been restructured to provide a broader scope of information for MTSU students wishing to learn and understand the process of design for newspapers, magazines, Web, advertising and presentations. The Publication Design class concentrates solely on advanced design methods for newsletters, newspapers, magazines and the Web.

The project designed course materials flexible enough for students to obtain the material on a server or as printed documents. Much of this material eventually will be available as reference on the Web as PDF or a similar file format. In addition to the formal design lectures and publication projects in these classes, the students also learn how industry standard applications such as QuarkXPress, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe PageMill and Marcomedia Freehand are used as tools in the process of design. Self-guided tutorials were developed for the students to learn apply these tools.

Specifically, the project updated the existing generic tutorials used by students learning QuarkXPress, Freehand and Photoshop as they relate to publication design on the Macintosh operating system. The tutorials are geared specifically to students using the technology in Mass Comm. 112, the School of Journalism and Strategic Media graphics lab. The revised tutorials also focus on projects reflecting authentic publication design situations. Updating the tutorials will be a ongoing due to continuing upgrades of existing applications.

The tutorial project used current course materials from the generic QuarkXPress Tutorial Guide and Macromedia Freehand Tutorial. Via the information and procedures explained in the guide, the tutorials were revamped to include updated procedures as well as information related to its application in the graphics lab. Instead of using the examples in the tutorial, screen captures on dialog boxes pertaining to the graphics lab, digital illustrations and other updated material for the applications were added to enhance and stimulate learning.

Since the approvals for the new software and hardware from the Instructional Technology Fee pools did not occur until Fall 1998 additional refinements to the instructional material will be needed. The applications affected are QuarkXPress 3.32 to 4.01, Freehand 5.5 to 8.0 and Photoshop 3.01 to 5.0.

Additionally, current teaching materials used in lectures—layouts, type sheets, designs, tearsheets, design examples and other aids—were developed for an expanded database of information to draw upon in teaching graphic communication and design. This data base supports the student's ability to obtain material on an as-needed basis on the graphics server. The project also created new material for teaching information design for the World Wide Web for both Microcomputer Design and Publication Design. In addition to lecture materials, tutorials for Web-based design - HTML, PageMill, creating Web graphics and implementing Java Script - were developed.

Web-based design materials from the Web, CD-ROMs and other printed materials are available for teaching an information-based Web course. Unfortunately, none do a succinct, thorough job of explaining the process. Therefore, the instruction of the Web component of Publication Design came from culling specific examples and procedures from existing media that best articulate or demonstrate the design process.

Management and Marketing

Using Top Class to Enhance Course Instruction, Promote Active Learning, and Facilitate Course Administration: A Field-Test

Scott Inks

Inks incorporated Top Class, an intranet-based software package, into the design of his class to promote active learning and to enhance course instruction and administration. The pilot testings included full setup administration of the Top Class intranet shell, incorporation of the program into the course work, and development of any customized templates necessary for use at MTSU.

The purpose of the Instructional Technology Development grant was to explore how the Management and Marketing Department may utilize an intranet shell, designed for course content delivery, to augment teaching. Full implementation of the intranet shell was hampered by technological problems related to server installation and maintenance. However, the shell was used successfully to assist with content delivery in two classes covering four sections.

Student access to the intranet shell is gained through unique user ids and passwords. Each student was issued an id and password, allowing them access to their own intranet shell web page. This web page provided students with access to notes, assignments, announcement, slides, and email. For the trial implementation (supported with the grant) students used the system primarily for inter- and intra-course communications with other team members, and to read and post announcements to the entire group (students from all four courses). Communication with students in different courses was essential for successful completion of the course assignments.

Upon completion of the course, the instructor solicited student feedback related to the intranet shell. For the most part, the feedback was very positive. Students found the email and announcement functions to very useful. In addition, the instructor was able to communicate with all or any part of the students through the intranet shell easily and with great success.

The next phase of the project is to ramp up the implementation to include delivery of course content and testing to a larger group of students. The next phase is tentatively scheduled to roll-out in the Fall 1999 semester and will include delivery of a correspondence-based Principles of Marketing course. This will allow for full testing of all of the intranet's features, including on-line presentations, quizzing, grading, homework assignments, and so forth. 


Enriching Instruction Through Technology: Implementing the Geometer's Sketchpad into the Math 201 Curriculum

Basic and Applied Sciences
Leslie N. Aspirwall

Leslie used this grant time to use technology to revise, update, and implement new materials for use with the MATH 201 course using Geometer's Sketchpad.

Physics and Astronomy

Interactive Web Learning Using CyberProf

Basic and Applied Sciences
William H. Robertson

Robertson will be using CyberProf to develop a series of web-based instructional modules that will permit students to study a narrowly-defined topic and then to assess their understanding by taking on-line quizzes in his Physics of Music course (Physics 160). The on-line quiz results will supply immediate feedback to the student as well as being recorded in an electronic grade book accessible to the instructor.

The initial phase of this project—the preparation of a select number of topics suitable for web based instruction—has been successfully completed. The next test will come during the Fall semester 1998 when the units will be tested by use in my Physics 160 course The Physics of Music. As explained in the text of this report the software product WebCT was substituted for Cyberprof because distribution of the latter product was suspended at least temporarily. WebCT proved to be an excellent and versatile replacement for Cyberprof—installation was easy, the instructor interface was straightforward to learn and to use, and there is a powerful online testing and surveying facility. Although the success of this project will ultimately be determined by student response to this mode of learning, the process of putting together this on-line material has provided a couple of insights: the software to manage Web based courses is rapidly evolving and it is difficult to pick out the best package at this early stage. the process of adapting material from classroom to web-based presentation is very time consuming—akin to writing a book!

Political Science

TPSA Teaching/Service Web Page

Liberal Arts
David Carleton

Carleton will be creating a teaching and service oriented web page for the Tennessee Political Science Association (TPSA). The web page will provide a mechanism for faculty at MTSU and other institutions around the state to organize political information on the Internet for classroom projects, easily share teaching materials, and for outreach to civics and government teachers and students in Tennessee high schools.

Dr. David Carleton was awarded an Instructional Technologies Development Grant for the summer of 1998. This grant allowed him to create a teaching and service oriented web page for the http://www.mtsu.edu/~polsci/tpsa/tennessee.htm Tennessee State Political Science Association. The Tennessee Political Science Association, created in 1967, is committed to the professional development of political science, and furthering civics and political education at all levels. This site is intended to provide practical resources to further these goals.

This site provides: Extensive links to Political Information, organized by subfields and subject matter. Professional Resources, including reference materials, style manuals, teaching materials, political science journals, and book publishers. Career Information, including the study of political science, job search, law school admissions, and graduate school admissions Links for High School Civics and Government Classes, including lesson plans, projects, and simulations. TPSA Organizational Links, including a Directory, email links, and current newsletter.


Creating Multimedia Modules for Social Psychology

Education and Behavioral Sciences
Richard G. Moffet

Moffett used PowerPoint to develop a set of multimedia materials to be used in PSY 221/ Psychology of Social Behavior. He integrated video-clips, music clips and still photos into the presentations, creating modules for various class topics.

Sociology and Anthropology

Interactive Self Test Web Site

Liberal Arts
Roger Kern

Kern worked to design an interactive self test web site for each of his classes. The purpose of these sites will be to better prepare students for course examinations by providing them with an opportunity to check their level of mastery for the objective portions of exams.


Telecourse for Introduction to Gerontology: Growing Old in A New Age

Liberal Arts
Ron Aday

Ron developed a series of pretaped videos which will become incorporated into a pretaped telecourse: Introduction to Gerontology: Growing Old in a New Age. The telecourse will serve as a required course in the Aging Studies Minor offered through the Center for Health and Human Services

Telecourse in Aging Studies

The Instructional Technologies Development Grant has provided me the opportunity to engage in a variety of activities contributing to the development of a new telecourse: Introduction to Aging Studies. The course is scheduled to be offered for Fall 99 through the Office of Continuing Education. The telecourse will serve as a required course in the Aging Studies Minor.

The following provides a summary of activities:The Growing Old In A New Age telecourse developed by the Center on Aging at the University of Hawaii has now been purchased by the Aging Studies Program at MTSU. The Annenberg/CPB Project Collection is a 13-part series. The College of Continuing Studies is currently making copies of the collection. <li> Additional videos developed by the Center of Health and Human Services will also be incorporated into the course. These videos on Health and Aging and Long-Term Care Alternatives are fully edited. The video on &quot;Women and Aging: A Case Study still needs an introductory component and additional editing. A number of other videos (series on health and aging) are currently be purchased by the Aging Studies Program. The LRC is currently downloading these videos via satellite and licensing approval will be sought on several of those that are most appropriate. Other proposed activities are continuing: (i.e., mini-lectures on selected topics and the development of a Web Sight). I am currently using many of the materials this semester in my Introduction to Aging course. This rehearsal will enable me to more fully develop additional activities and exercises to complement the telecourse.